Chattonella subsalsa

Chatt pic
Name Chattonella subsalsa
Class Raphidophyceae, NCBI Taxonomy
Size

Length: 25 - 50 µm

Width: 15 - 21 µm

Morphology Unicellular
Toxic
Yes
Regime Brackish waters, estuaries, canals and ponds
Strain Source CCMP217



Chattonella subsalsa
belongs to the class Raphidophyceae. This class comprises about six genera (half freshwater, half marine). Selected marine genera have been extensively studied because of their toxicity (Horner et al. 1997, Marshall et al. 2003). The relationships of the Pinguiophyceae and Raphidophyceae are largely unresolved.

Chattonella subsalsa
represents a genus that has caused immense losses to the finfish aquaculture industry worldwide [e.g.157 million dollars worth of farmed yellowtail in Japan (Okaichi 1989)]. Brevetoxin-like compounds are produced by this alga (Khan et al. 1995)




References:



Horner, R. A., D. L. Garrison and F. G. Plumley (1997). Harmful algal blooms and red tide problems on the US west coast. Limnol. Ocean. 42: 1076-1088


Khan, S., M. S. Ahmed, O. Arakawa and Y. Onoue (1995). Properties of neurotoxins separated from a harmful red tide organism Chattonella marina. The Israeli Journal of Aquaculture-Bamidgeh 47: 137-141


Marshall, J.-A., P. D. Nichols, B. Hamilton, R. J. Lewis and G. M. Hallegraeff (2003). Ichthyotoxicity of Chattonella marina (Raphidophyceae) to damselfish (Acanthochromis polycanthus): the synergistic role of reactive oxygen species and free fatty acids. Harmful Algae 2: 273-281


Okaichi, T. (1989). Red tide problems in the Seto Inland Sea, Japan. in Red Tides: Biology, Environmental Science and Toxicology. T. Okaichi, D. Anderson and T. Nemoto, eds. Elsevier, New York. pp. 137-142